Catherine Blish

Publication Details

  • Hormonal Contraception and HIV-1 Transmission AMERICAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY Blish, C. A., Baeten, J. M. 2011; 65 (3): 302-307


    Safe and effective contraceptive choices are essential for women with HIV-1 infection and at risk for HIV-1 infection. Epidemiological and laboratory-based studies suggest that hormonal contraception may influence HIV-1 transmission. Several large studies in high-risk populations indicate that hormonal contraceptive use may modestly increase the risk of HIV-1 acquisition. In addition, HIV-1-infected users of hormonal contraceptives may be more infectious to their uninfected partners, although no studies have directly measured HIV-1 transmission risk from women to men. However, several studies failed to demonstrate a link between contraceptive use and HIV-1 acquisition or transmission, and interpretation of many studies limited by methodological considerations, such as infrequent measurements of contraceptive exposure and HIV-1 status. As a result, many questions remain, and high-quality studies remain needed. It is clear that hormonal contraceptives are not protective against HIV-1 infection and that dual protection with condoms should be the goal for women using hormonal contraception.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0897.2010.00930.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000287037200017

    View details for PubMedID 21087338

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