Ronald L. Dalman MD, the Walter C. and Elsa R. Chidester Professor of Surgery

Publication Details

  • Influences of Aortic Motion and Curvature on Vessel Expansion in Murine Experimental Aneurysms ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY Goergen, C. J., Azuma, J., Barr, K. N., Magdefessel, L., Kallop, D. Y., Gogineni, A., Grewall, A., Weimer, R. M., Connolly, A. J., Dalman, R. L., Taylor, C. A., Tsao, P. S., Greve, J. M. 2011; 31 (2): 270-U102

    Abstract:

    To quantitatively compare aortic curvature and motion with resulting aneurysm location, direction of expansion, and pathophysiological features in experimental abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs).MRI was performed at 4.7 T with the following parameters: (1) 3D acquisition for vessel geometry and (2) 2D cardiac-gated acquisition to quantify luminal motion. Male 24-week-old mice were imaged before and after AAA formation induced by angiotensin II (AngII)-filled osmotic pump implantation or infusion of elastase. AngII-induced AAAs formed near the location of maximum abdominal aortic curvature, and the leftward direction of expansion was correlated with the direction of suprarenal aortic motion. Elastase-induced AAAs formed in a region of low vessel curvature and had no repeatable direction of expansion. AngII significantly increased mean blood pressure (22.7 mm Hg, P<0.05), whereas both models showed a significant 2-fold decrease in aortic cyclic strain (P<0.05). Differences in patterns of elastin degradation and localization of fluorescent signal from protease-activated probes were also observed.The direction of AngII aneurysm expansion correlated with the direction of motion, medial elastin dissection, and adventitial remodeling. Anterior infrarenal aortic motion correlated with medial elastin degradation in elastase-induced aneurysms. Results from both models suggest a relationship between aneurysm pathological features and aortic geometry and motion.

    View details for DOI 10.1161/ATVBAHA.110.216481

    View details for Web of Science ID 000286376800010

    View details for PubMedID 21071686

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