Daniel A. Arber, M.D.

Publication Details

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia - Survey of immunophenotype, French-American-British classification, frequency of myeloid antigen expression, and karyotypic abnormalities in 210 pediatric and adult cases AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGY Khalidi, H. S., Chang, K. L., Medeiros, L. J., Brynes, R. K., Slovak, M. L., Murata-Collins, L., Arber, D. A. 1999; 111 (4): 467-476


    Immunophenotypic studies are essential to distinguish acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) from minimally differentiated acute myeloid leukemia (AMLM0) and to classify ALL into immunologic subtypes. Frequently, immunophenotyping identifies myeloid antigen expression in ALL, causing a potential diagnostic problem. To evaluate the immunophenotype of ALL, we studied 210 cases of pediatric and adult ALL by flow cytometry and compared the results with the French-American-British (FAB) Cooperative Group classification and the karyotypic findings. Myeloid-associated antigens were expressed in 78 (45.6%) of precursor B-cell ALL cases. Pediatric precursor B ALLs had a higher frequency of myeloid antigen expression than did adult cases. All mature B-cell ALL cases were negative for TdT and myeloid antigens. Myeloid antigen expression was less frequent in T-cell ALL cases compared with precursor B-cell ALL cases. Of the 192 cases submitted for cytogenetic analysis, 147 were abnormal. The most common chromosomal translocation was the Philadelphia chromosome, which was more likely to have L2 blast morphology and a precursor B immunophenotype. Myeloid antigen expression was present in 70.8% of Ph-positive cases (P = .008). Chromosome rearrangements involving 11q23 also showed an increased frequency of myeloid antigen expression. Chromosome translocations involving regions of T-cell receptor genes were present in 24% of T-cell ALL cases. A high percentage of ALL cases, however, had various other cytogenetic abnormalities, many of which involved less well-studied chromosomal regions.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000079385100004

    View details for PubMedID 10191766

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