Felice Su

Publication Details

  • Dexmedetomidine: pediatric pharmacology, clinical uses and safety EXPERT OPINION ON DRUG SAFETY Su, F., Hammer, G. B. 2011; 10 (1): 55-66

    Abstract:

    Dexmedetomidine is an ?(2)-adrenoceptor agonist with sedative, anxiolytic and analgesic properties. It is used off-label in pediatric patients due to its efficacy and lack of adverse respiratory effects. Dexmedetomidine may cause severe circulatory complications in adults. Despite its popularity, the safety of dexmedetomidine in the pediatric population has not been extensively studied.This article reviews the current literature (up to 2010) focusing on applications and safety of dexmedetomidine administered to pediatric patients.Dexmedetomidine is a useful sedative and anxiolytic drug in the pediatric intensive care unit as well as during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Deleterious effects of dexmedetomidine include hypotension and bradycardia. Additionally, hypertension may occur during the "loading dose" or with high infusion rates. Few studies have been performed to evaluate the safety of dexmedetomidine in pediatrics. The development of tolerance and withdrawal has not been studied in children.Despite its favorable respiratory profile, dexmedetomidine may cause deleterious cardiovascular effects. Close monitoring of circulatory dynamics and judicious titration is recommended. Further studies are needed to better define adverse effects following long-term infusions as well as in special populations such as pre-term infants.

    View details for DOI 10.1517/14740338.2010.512609

    View details for Web of Science ID 000285388700007

    View details for PubMedID 20718689

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