Martin S. Angst

Publication Details

  • A murine model of opioid-induced hyperalgesia MOLECULAR BRAIN RESEARCH Li, X. Q., Angst, M. S., Clark, J. D. 2001; 86 (1-2): 56-62


    Controversies surround the possible long-term physiological and psychological consequences of opioid use. Analgesic tolerance and addiction are commonly at the center of these controversies, but other concerns exist as well. A growing body of evidence suggests that hyperalgesia caused by the chronic administration of opioids can occur in laboratory animals and in humans. In these studies we describe a murine model of opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). After the treatment of mice for 6 days with implanted morphine pellets followed by their removal, both thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia were documented. Additional experiments demonstrated that prior morphine treatment also increased formalin-induced licking behavior. These effects were intensified by intermittent abstinence accomplished through administration of naloxone during morphine treatment. Experiments designed to determine if the mu-opioid receptor mediated OLH in our model revealed that the relatively-selective mu-opioid receptor agonist fentanyl induced the thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia characteristic of OIH when administered in intermittent boluses over 6 days. In complimentary experiments we found that CXBK mice which have reduced mu-opioid receptor binding displayed no significant OIH after morphine treatment. Finally, we explored the pharmacological sensitivities of OIH. We found that the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801, the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and the heme oxygenase (HO) inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (Sn-P) dose-dependently reduced OIH in this model while the NSAID indomethacin had no effect. Thus we have characterized a murine model of OIH which will be useful in the pursuit of the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000166721100008

    View details for PubMedID 11165371

Stanford Medicine Resources:

Footer Links: