Pieter van der Starre

Publication Details

  • Vancomycin plasma concentrations in cardiac surgery with the use of profound hypothermic circulatory arrest EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY van der Starre, P. J., Kolz, M., Lemmens, H. J., Faix, J. D., Mitchell, S., Miller, C. 2010; 38 (6): 741-744

    Abstract:

    This study was undertaken to compare the effect of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, compared with moderate hypothermia, on the plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic profile of vancomycin, administered as prophylaxis, in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.Two groups of adult cardiac surgery patients were prospectively studied. One group consisted of 12 patients undergoing valvular surgery with moderate hypothermia, and another group was of 12 patients undergoing surgery with the use of profound hypothermic circulatory arrest. Vancomycin was administered before skin incision, and plasma levels were measured at regular intervals for 24h.The plasma concentrations of vancomycin showed a similar pattern in both groups. The pharmacokinetic profile showed a three-compartment model in both groups.The dosing of vancomycin, if used as antibiotic prophylaxis, does not need to be adjusted in cardiac surgery patients when undergoing profound hypothermic circulatory arrest, since the plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic profile are similar to patients with moderate hypothermia. The pharmacokinetic profile, consisting of three compartments, was not changed by the differences in temperature.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ejcts.2010.03.029

    View details for Web of Science ID 000285221700018

    View details for PubMedID 20663677

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