H. Peter Lorenz, MD

Publication Details

  • Germ plasm-like Dot cells maintain their wound regenerative function after in vitro expansion CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY Kong, W., Li, S., Lorenz, H. P. 2010; 37 (4): e136-e144


    1. Wounds in fetal skin heal without scarring; however, the mechanism for this is unknown. We have identified a novel group of protein and nucleotides-positive particles in fetal and adult mouse blood and in human blood, and termed them 'Dot cells'. Freshly isolated Dot cells regenerate wounds with less scarring and can be cultured without feeder layers. 2. Because the morphology of Dot cells has never been described, in the present study we describe the specific characterizations of Dot cells, including their growth pattern in vitro, and their expressions of stem cell markers using fluorescent cell sorting analyses and immunofluorescent histology. Our data indicates that cultured Dot cells express stem cell surface markers and embryonic stem cell transcription markers, such as Oct4, Nanog and Sox-2. In addition, Dot cells express VASA, the germ plasm specific marker. 3. To confirm whether Dot cells maintain their wound regenerative activity after in vitro expansion, in vitro cultured Dot cells were transplanted to wounded mice. Dot cells from albino mice maintain their wound regenerative activities after intravenous transplantation to black-background diabetic mice. In addition, Dot cells regenerate both the epithelial and dermal cells in the wounds of wild-type mice. The regenerated hair follicles, smooth muscle and dermal tissues express transiently to VASA. 4. Our data demonstrate that Dot cells are newly identified organisms located in the blood and bone marrow of mammals. They express germ cell, embryonic stem cell and adult stem cell markers. Dot cells maintain their regenerative function after in vitro expansion.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1681.2010.05343.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000275766900001

    View details for PubMedID 20409081

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