Paul Utz

Publication Details

  • The U1-snRNP complex: structural properties relating to autoimmune pathogenesis in rheumatic diseases IMMUNOLOGICAL REVIEWS Kattah, N. H., Kattah, M. G., Utz, P. J. 2010; 233: 126-145


    The U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle (snRNP) is a target of autoreactive B cells and T cells in several rheumatic diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). We propose that inherent structural properties of this autoantigen complex, including common RNA-binding motifs, B and T-cell epitopes, and a unique stimulatory RNA molecule, underlie its susceptibility as a target of the autoimmune response. Immune mechanisms that may contribute to overall U1-snRNP immunogenicity include epitope spreading through B and T-cell interactions, apoptosis-induced modifications, and toll-like receptor (TLR) activation through stimulation by U1-snRNA. We conclude that understanding the interactions between U1-snRNP and the immune system will provide insights into why certain patients develop anti-U1-snRNP autoimmunity, and more importantly how to effectively target therapies against this autoimmune response.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000273067700009

    View details for PubMedID 20192997

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