Sharon Hunt, MD

Publication Details

  • INCREASED REJECTION IN GENDER-MISMATCHED GRAFTS - AMELIORATION BY TRIPLE THERAPY JOURNAL OF HEART AND LUNG TRANSPLANTATION Keogh, A. M., Valantine, H. A., Hunt, S. A., Schroeder, J. S., Oyer, P. E. 1991; 10 (1): 106-110

    Abstract:

    Increased rejection incidence in female heart transplant recipients receiving immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine and azathioprine has been reported and a possible role for gender-mismatched grafting (male donor into female recipient) has been suggested. To test the hypothesis that rejection is more frequent in female patients receiving male hearts, we analyzed the results of heart transplantation in gender-matched and -mismatched grafts in 313 recipients maintained with either double therapy with cyclosporine and prednisone (group 1, n = 104) or triple therapy with cyclosporine, azathioprine, and prednisone (group 2, n = 209). There were 21 female recipients in group 1 and 41 in group 2. The variables studied were 90-day total methylprednisolone sodium succinate requirements, 90-day linearized rejection rate, 90-day event-free actuarial rejection, 6-month actuarial infection-free survival, overall actuarial survival, and median day to first rejection. Statistical analyses included two-tailed t or Cox-Mantel testing as appropriate. In group 1, transplantation of a male heart into a female recipient (M/F grafting) was associated with a 40% higher 90-day cumulative steroid requirement (5008 +/- 3400 mg for M/F vs 3600 +/- 2977 mg for F/F), reflecting a higher rate of rejection in M/F recipients. Linearized rejection rates (90-day) were higher (1.6 +/- 0.4 vs 1.3 +/- 0.5 episodes per patient), and consequent 6-month event-free infection rates were lowest in these patients, although not significantly so. Actuarial survival did not differ significantly between the groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    View details for Web of Science ID A1991EZ48400016

    View details for PubMedID 2007161

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