Jeffrey A. Feinstein, MD, MPH

Publication Details

  • Congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt associated with heterotaxy and polysplenia PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY Newman, B., Feinstein, J. A., Cohen, R. A., Feingold, B., Kreutzer, J., Patel, H., Chan, F. P. 2010; 40 (7): 1222-1230


    Heterotaxy with polysplenia is associated with many cardiovascular anomalies including the occasional occurrence of congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (CEPS). Missing this anomaly can lead to inappropriate and ineffective therapy.To emphasize the importance and associated anatomy of CEPS in conjunction with heterotaxy with polysplenia.Review of three young children who presented with cyanosis and pulmonary hypertension without a cardiac etiology. They were known (1) or discovered (2) to have heterotaxy with polysplenia.There was absence of the intrahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) with azygos or hemiazygos continuation in all three cases. In spite of normal liver function, they were discovered to have large portosystemic shunts, splenorenal in location, along with diffuse peripheral pulmonary arterial dilatation suggestive of CEPS (Abernethy malformation) with hepatopulmonary or, more accurately, portopulmonary syndrome. All CEPS were ipsilateral to the spleens. Patency of the portal veins in these cases allowed for percutaneous shunt closure with resolution of cyanosis.CEPS is associated with heterotaxy with polysplenia and can be symptomatic because of pulmonary arteriovenous (AV) shunting. Portal and hepatic vein patency are critical for determining feasibility of CEPS closure.

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s00247-009-1508-y

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278582300007

    View details for PubMedID 20069288

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