James Chang

Publication Details

  • Staged closure of complicated bronchopleural fistulas Turk, A. E., Karanas, Y. L., Cannon, W., Chang, J. LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 2000: 560-564


    Bronchopleural fistulas remain a major complication after thoracic surgery. Despite continued advances in the treatment of this difficult problem, perioperative mortality remains as high as 15%. Multiple treatment strategies have been described with varying degrees of success. Successful treatment of chronic bronchopleural fistulas requires aggressive control of infection, adequate drainage of the chest cavity, closure of the fistula with vascularized tissue, and obliteration of the chest cavity. The authors present their experience with 3 patients who underwent a two-stage closure of their bronchopleural fistulas with pectoralis major muscle flaps followed by omental flap obliteration of the chest cavity. Each patient had previously undergone an Eloesser procedure for chest cavity drainage. The initial muscle flap operation is a small procedure that can be done rapidly with minimal morbidity in chronically ill patients. The intervening period between procedures allows patients to continue aggressive nutritional and physical rehabilitation until they are able to tolerate a second operation for chest cavity obliteration. All bronchopleural fistulas in our series healed, with one minor complication. A staged closure is a safe and effective alternative treatment for chronic and recurrent bronchopleural fistulas.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000165235900019

    View details for PubMedID 11092371

Stanford Medicine Resources:

Footer Links: