Stanley Schrier

Publication Details

  • MYOSIN CONTENT AND DISTRIBUTION IN HUMAN NEONATAL ERYTHROCYTES ARE DIFFERENT FROM ADULT ERYTHROCYTES BLOOD COLIN, F. C., Schrier, S. L. 1991; 78 (11): 3052-3055

    Abstract:

    Neonatal erythrocytes (N-RBC) are different from adult erythrocytes (A-RBC). N-RBC are larger, less deformable, and undergo enhanced spontaneous and drug-induced endocytosis. The reticulocyte population of N-RBC is also different, consisting primarily of the youngest (R1) reticulocytes that are motile and capable of receptor-mediated endocytosis. Processes such as motility could require a contractile system. Myosin, a contractile protein, was identified in both A-RBC and N-RBC. We proposed to compare myosin content and distribution in A-RBC and N-RBC by immunofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a monospecific polyclonal rabbit antimyosin. There was bright immunofluorescence on 44% of N-RBC with some heterogeneity contrasting with a barely detectable fluorescence on A-RBC. ELISA measurements showed that A-RBC had 4,315 myosin copies/RBC, whereas N-RBC had 10,855 copies/RBC (or 2.5 times as much). ELISA measurements of white ghosts showed that A-ghosts contained 1,250 copies of myosin/RBC (29% of total) whereas N-ghosts contained 3.4 times as much at 4,320 copies/RBC (39% of total). Therefore, N-RBC not only have more myosin, but the amount that is membrane-associated is disproportionately increased. It is proposed that such differences in amount and distribution of myosin could account for some of the unusual properties of neonatal RBC indicated.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1991GR78100034

    View details for PubMedID 1954390

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