Mark Holodniy

Publication Details

  • Structured interruptions of highly active antiretroviral therapy in cycles of 4 weeks off/12 weeks on therapy in children having a chronically undetectable viral load cause progressively smaller viral rebounds INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES Palacios, G. C., Sanchez, L. M., Briones, E., Ramirez, T. J., Castillo, H., Rivera, L. G., Vazquez, C. A., Rodriguez-Padilla, C., Holodniy, M. 2010; 14 (1): E34-E40

    Abstract:

    To evaluate the viral, immune and clinical impact of a structured treatment interruption (STI) program of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in three cycles of 4 weeks off/12 weeks on therapy in a cohort of children with HIV infection under chronic viral control.Using a single-group time series experimentation design and following informed consent, the HAART of children with HIV and a chronically undetectable viral load (VL) was discontinued for 4 weeks and then restarted and continued for 12 weeks for a total of three cycles. The VL, CD4+/CD8+ lymphocytes, and clinical status were evaluated at the end of each STI and at 6 and 12 weeks after HAART was resumed.Four children with a median age of 10.3 years (range 6.5-11.2 years) were included in the study. Their clinical immune categories were: A1 (n=2), A2 (n=1), and B3 (n=1). Treatment of all four patients was with zidovudine (AZT)+lamivudine (3TC)+ritonavir (RTV). At the end of the first STI, VL was a median 214000 copies/ml (range 27400-616000), corresponding to 5.3 log(10) (range 4.4-5.8). At the end of the second STI, VL was a median 72400 copies/ml (range 17800-126000) or 4.7 log(10) (range 4.2-5.1), which corresponds to a rebound 0.6 log(10) lower than the first. At the end of the third STI, VL was a median 28200 copies/ml (range 5370-140000) or 4.45 log(10) (range 3.7-5.1), a rebound 0.85 log(10) lower than the first. All rebounds were followed by a decrease in the VL to undetectable levels during the treatment periods. CD8+ T lymphocyte counts increased during viral rebounds and an initial decrease in CD4+ T lymphocyte counts was followed by a tendency to increase even exceeding CD8+ T cell counts. Only one event of transitory severe immunosuppression occurred. There were no symptoms related to the HIV infection.The STI of HAART in cycles of 4 weeks off/12 weeks on therapy in children with chronically undetectable VL can cause progressively lower viral rebounds followed by a decrease to undetectable levels, with a low risk of severe immunosuppression and without the occurrence of symptoms related to HIV.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ijid.2009.03.003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000273987200006

    View details for PubMedID 19467895

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