Sanjay Basu

Publication Details

  • Averting epidemics of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Basu, S., Friedland, G. H., Medlock, J., Andrews, J. R., Shah, N. S., Gandhi, N. R., Moll, A., Moodley, P., Sturm, A. W., Galvani, A. P. 2009; 106 (18): 7672-7677

    Abstract:

    Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) has been detected in most provinces of South Africa, particularly in the KwaZulu-Natal province where several hundred cases have been reported since 2004. We analyzed the transmission dynamics of XDR TB in the region using mathematical models, and observed that nosocomial transmission clusters of XDR TB may emerge into community-based epidemics under the public health conditions of many South African communities. The effective reproductive number of XDR TB in KwaZulu-Natal may be around 2. Intensified community-based case finding and therapy appears critical to curtailing transmission. In the setting of delayed disease presentation and high system demand, improved diagnostic approaches may need to be employed in community-based programs rather than exclusively at tertiary hospitals. Using branching process mathematics, we observed that early, community-based drug-susceptibility testing and effective XDR therapy could help curtail ongoing transmission and reduce the probability of XDR TB epidemics in neighboring territories.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.0812472106

    View details for Web of Science ID 000265783600073

    View details for PubMedID 19365076

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