Edward Klofas

Publication Details

  • Oxygenation/ventilation of transported intubated adult patients: a national survey of organizational practices. Air medical journal Perez, L., Klofas, E., Wise, L. 2000; 19 (2): 55-58


    Transporting intubated patients is common among ground and air crews, and providing adequate oxygenation/ventilation through transport ventilators (TV) or manual ventilation (MV) is clinically challenging. However, very little data chronicle service or practice patterns of oxygenation/ventilation within the industry.During February 1998, a national sample of 250 air transport agencies was surveyed regarding activities and services surrounding this population of transported patients. One-hundred-ninety-three surveys (77%) were returned.Approximately 40% of responding agencies use rotor-wing transportation only. Various combinations of rotor-, fixed-wing, and critical care ground transport were reported among the sample. Crew configuration consisted primarily of RN/EMT-P (75%). For pre-hospital intubated patients, MV alone (37.3%), TV alone (10.9%), or a combination of MV and TV (43.5%) was used, depending on transport circumstances. Programs not involved in pre-hospital transports accounted for 8.3% of returned surveys. Interfacility transports used MV (6.8%), TV (39.4%), and a combination (53.4%). One respondent did not answer the question, accounting for 0.4% of the returned surveys. More than 75% of programs monitored oxygenation/ventilation during transport. Usually some combination of pulse oximetry and CO2 monitoring was used. More than half (59%) of reporting agencies transport more than 80 intubated adults each year.Considerable variation exists in practices involving the transport of intubated patients.

    View details for PubMedID 11010378

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