Ian S. Rogers, M.D., M.P.H.

Publication Details

  • Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Risk Index predicts long-term mortality and heart failure in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction in the TIMI 2 clinical trial AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL Truong, Q. A., Cannon, C. P., Zakai, N. A., Rogers, I. S., Giugliano, R. P., Wiviott, S. D., McCabe, C. H., Morrow, D. A., Braunwald, E. 2009; 157 (4): 673-679

    Abstract:

    TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) Risk Index (TRI) is a simple bedside score that predicts 30-day mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to evaluate whether TRI was predictive of long-term mortality and clinical events.In the TIMI 2 trial, 3,153 patients (mean age 57 +/- 10 years, 82% men) were randomized to invasive (n = 1,583) versus conservative (n = 1,570) strategy postfibrinolysis with median follow-up of 3 years. TIMI Risk Index was divided into 5 groups. The primary end point was all-cause mortality. Secondary analyses included recurrent MI, congestive heart failure (CHF), and combined end points.When compared with group 1, mortality in group 5 was more than 5-fold higher (hazard ratio [HR] 5.83, P < .0001) and was also increased in group 4 (HR 2.80, P < .0001) and group 3 (HR 1.96, P = .002) (c statistic 0.69). No difference was seen between groups 1 and 2 (P = .74). A similar increasing gradient effect was seen across TRI strata with group 5 having the highest risk for CHF (HR 4.13, P < .0001) and the highest risk for composite death/CHF (HR 4.35, P < .0001) over group 1. There was no difference in recurrent MI between the groups (P = .22). After controlling for other risk indicators, the relationship between TRI and mortality remained significant: group 5, HR 4.11, P < .0001; group 4, HR 2.14, P = .0009; group 3, HR 1.69, P = .02. When stratified by TRI groups, no differences in mortality or composite death/MI were found between treatment strategies.The simple TRI can predict increased long-term mortality, CHF, and composite death/CHF.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ahj.2008.12.010

    View details for Web of Science ID 000265110100013

    View details for PubMedID 19332194

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