Nasim Sabery Khavari

Publication Details

  • Desquamative Enteropathy and Pyloric Atresia Without Skin Disease Caused by a Novel Intracellular beta 4 Integrin Mutation JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION Salvestrini, C., McGrath, J. A., Ozoemena, L., Husain, K., Buhamrah, E., Sabrey, N., Leichtner, A., Rufo, P. A., Perez-Atayde, A., Orteu, C. H., Torrente, F., Heuschkel, R. B., Thomson, M. A., Murch, S. H. 2008; 47 (5): 585-591

    Abstract:

    Mutations in alpha6 or beta4 integrins (ITGA6, ITGB4) are known to cause junctional epidermolysis bullosa with pyloric atresia (JEB-PA), often lethal in infancy through skin desquamation. There is 1 report of pyloric atresia associated with a desquamatory enteropathy but without skin disease, of unknown molecular basis.We report 2 Kuwaiti siblings with pyloric atresia and life-threatening intestinal desquamation without significant skin abnormality. The older sibling died of intractable diarrhoea, and the younger sibling suffered episodes of massive protein-losing enteropathy, triggered by viral infections, in addition to obstructive uropathy. Mutation analysis was performed for ITGA6 and ITGB4 and expression of ITGA6 and ITGB4 protein was examined in skin and intestinal biopsies. Her serum also was incubated with normal intestine.We identified a novel mutation in ITGB4, with homozygous deletion of a single residue (isoleucine 1314) within the intracellular plectin-binding domain. Expression of ITGA6 and ITGB4 within skin, duodenal, and colonic epithelium was normal or minimally reduced, in contrast to previous reports. Biopsies taken during relapse showed accumulation of immunoglobulin G and C1q within intestinal basement membrane, whereas immunoglobulin G from her serum bound to basement membrane of normal small intestine. Immunomodulatory therapy induced significant improvement following relapses.ITGB4 mutation may induce a desquamative enteropathy in infancy without significant skin disease. A history of pyloric atresia is important in infants with severe chronic diarrhoeal disease and should prompt investigation for JEB-PA associated mutations. Acquired immune responses may exacerbate primary genetic disorders of epithelial adhesion and immunomodulatory therapy may be beneficial.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000260519400009

    View details for PubMedID 18955862

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