Greer Murphy M.D., Ph.D.

Publication Details

  • A beta peptide conformation determines uptake and interleukin-1 alpha expression by primary microglial cells NEUROBIOLOGY OF AGING Parvathy, S., Rajadas, J., Ryan, H., Vaziri, S., Anderson, L., Murphy, G. M. 2009; 30 (11): 1792-1804


    Microglia clear amyloid beta (Abeta) after immunization. The interaction of Abeta with the microglial cell surface also results in cytokine expression. Soluble oligomers and protofibrils of Abeta may be more neurotoxic than Abeta fibrils. We investigated the effects of oligomeric, protofibrillar and fibrillar Abeta40 and Abeta42 peptides on uptake and IL-1alpha expression by primary microglia. Abeta peptide assemblies were extensively characterized. Primary microglial cells were exposed to different Abeta40 and Abeta42 assemblies and IL-1alpha expression was quantified. To study uptake, microglial cells were exposed to different assemblies of Cy3-labeled Abeta. We found that Abeta42 and Abeta40 oligomers and fibrils induced IL-1alpha expression, but protofibrils did not. We also observed that all forms of Abeta42 (oligomer, protofibril and fibril) and Abeta40 fibrils were taken up by the microglial cells. These results demonstrate that microglial cells can take up non-fibrillar Abeta and that oligomeric peptide induces an inflammatory response. The uptake of oligomeric and protofibrillar Abeta by microglia merits further investigation as a potential means for removing these neurotoxic species from the brain.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2008.01.011

    View details for Web of Science ID 000270374000008

    View details for PubMedID 18339452

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