Sherry M. Wren

Publication Details

  • MIXED ALLOGENEIC RECONSTITUTION (A+B-]A) TO INDUCE DONOR-SPECIFIC TRANSPLANTATION TOLERANCE - PERMANENT ACCEPTANCE OF A SIMULTANEOUS DONOR SKIN-GRAFT TRANSPLANTATION Ildstad, S. T., Wren, S. M., Oh, E., HRONAKES, M. L. 1991; 51 (6): 1262-1267

    Abstract:

    Mixed allogeneic reconstitution, in which a mixture of T-cell-depleted bone marrow of syngeneic host and allogeneic donor type is transplanted into a lethally irradiated recipient (A+B----A), results in mixed lymphopoietic chimerism with engraftment of a mixture of both host and donor bone marrow elements. Recipients are specifically tolerant to donor both in vitro and in vivo. Donor-specific skin grafts survive indefinitely when they are placed after full bone marrow repopulation at 28 days, while third-party grafts are rapidly rejected. To determine whether a delay of a month or more for full bone marrow repopulation is required before a donor-specific graft can be placed, we have now examined whether tolerance induction can be achieved if a graft is placed at the time of bone marrow transplantation. Permanent acceptance of donor-specific B10.BR skin grafts occurred when mixed allogeneic chimerism (B10+B10.BR----B10) was induced and a simultaneous allogeneic donor graft placed. In vitro, mixed reconstituted recipients were specifically tolerant to the B10.BR donor lymphoid cells but fully reactive to MHC-disparate third-party (BALB/c; H-2dd) when assessed by mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) and cell-mediated lympholysis (CML) assays. These data therefore indicate that a donor-specific graft placed at the time of mixed allogeneic reconstitution is permanently accepted without rejection. To determine whether an allogeneic skin graft alone without allogeneic bone marrow would be sufficient to induce tolerance, syngeneic reconstitution (B10----B10) was carried out, and a simultaneous B10.BR allogeneic skin graft placed. Although skin grafts were prolonged in all recipients, all grafts rejected when full lymphopoietic repopulation occurred at 28 days. Taken together, these data suggest that allogeneic donor bone marrow elements are required for the induction and maintenance of donor-specific transplantation tolerance and that allogeneic skin grafts alone are not sufficient for tolerance induction.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1991FR73600022

    View details for PubMedID 1828637

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