Stephen Galli

Publication Details

  • MOUSE SPLENIC AND BONE-MARROW CELL-POPULATIONS THAT EXPRESS HIGH-AFFINITY FC-EPSILON RECEPTORS AND PRODUCE INTERLEUKIN-4 ARE HIGHLY ENRICHED IN BASOPHILS PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA SEDER, R. A., PAUL, W. E., Dvorak, A. M., Sharkis, S. J., KAGEYSOBOTKA, A., Niv, Y., Finkelman, F. D., BARBIERI, S. A., GALLI, S. J., Plaut, M. 1991; 88 (7): 2835-2839

    Abstract:

    Splenic and bone marrow cells from normal mice, and from mice that have been polyclonally activated by injection of anti-IgD antibody, contain cells that produce interleukin 4 (IL-4) in response to crosslinkage of Fc epsilon receptors (Fc epsilon R) or Fc gamma R or to ionomycin. Isolated Fc epsilon R+ cells have recently been shown to contain all of the IL-4-producing capacity of the nonlymphoid compartment of spleen and bone marrow. Here, purified Fc epsilon R+ cells are shown to be enriched in cells that contain histamine and express alcian blue-positive cytoplasmic granules. By electron microscopy, the vast majority of cytoplasmic granule-containing cells are basophils; they constitute approximately 25% and approximately 50%, respectively, of Fc epsilon R+ spleen and bone marrow cells from anti-IgD-injected mice. The Fc epsilon R- populations contain cells that form colonies typical of mast cells. The Fc epsilon R+ populations also contain cells that, upon culture with IL-3, form colonies of alcian blue-positive cells, but (in contrast to colonies derived from Fc epsilon R- populations) the colonies are small, and all the cells die within 2-3 weeks. The Fc epsilon R+ cells synthesize histamine during a 60-hr culture with IL-3, while the Fc epsilon R- cells do not. These results indicate that IL-4-producing Fc epsilon R+ cells are highly enriched in basophils.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1991FE86400047

    View details for PubMedID 1826367

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