Martin S. Angst

Publication Details

  • Antinociceptive effects of morphine-6-glucuronide in homozygous MDR1a P-glycoprotin knockout and in wildtype mice in the hotplate test LIFE SCIENCES Lotsch, J., Tegeder, I., Angst, M. S., Geisslinger, G. 2000; 66 (24): 2393-2403


    Morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G), a major metabolite of morphine with agonist opioid-receptor activity, was reported to be a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Inhibition of P-gp may thus result in higher brain uptake of M6G. The goal of this observer-blinded, placebo controlled study, was to compare the antinociceptive effects of M6G in homozygous P-gp knockout (mdr1a(-/-)) and wildtype (mdr1a(+/+)) mice. M6G was injected intraperitoneally as a single dose of 0, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg. Eight P-gp knockout and eight wildtype mice were studied per dose. A hot plate test was performed before and 5, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 min after M6G administration. Plasma-concentrations of M6G, morphine, and morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) were measured after intraperitoneal injection of 5 mg/kg M6G in another 14 P-gp knockout and 14 wildtype mice. No difference neither in the dose response relationship, nor in the time course of response latency times were observed between P-gp knockout and wildtype mice. However, latency times increased with higher doses of M6G, with antinociception significantly different from placebo at a M6G dose of 5 and 10 mg/kg. P-gp knockout mice tended to have higher plasma concentrations than the wildtype. However, plasma concentrations widely overlapped between groups and therefore no statistical significant group difference could be detected. We conclude that despite reported doubling of M6G brain uptake, absence of mdr1a coded P-gp does not enhance antinociceptive effects of M6G in the hotplate test after acute single-dose administration in mdr1a(-/-) knockout mice.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000086827900008

    View details for PubMedID 10864101

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