Richard Lafayette

Publication Details

  • Prediction of early progression in recently diagnosed IgA nephropathy NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION Lemley, K. V., Lafayette, R. A., Derby, G., Blouch, K. L., Anderson, L., Efron, B., Myers, B. D. 2008; 23 (1): 213-222

    Abstract:

    Most studies of prognosis in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) have tried to predict dichotomous outcomes based on a small number of clinical or semi-quantitative histological variables in large numbers of patients.We pursued a quite different approach. We measured GFR annually for 4-5 years in 22 adult patients with recently diagnosed IgAN. Quantitative morphology was performed on the diagnostic biopsy specimens and baseline glomerular filtration dynamics were performed at study entry. An initial set of 30 plausible predictor variables (half demographic or physiological, half structural) was reduced to 22 using phylogenetic trees. Least-angle regression (LARS) was used to predict the rate of GFR change from these variablesThe rate of GFR change ranged from a loss of 41 ml/min/year to a gain of 8.6 ml/min/year. We found an optimum predictor set of five baseline variables: the percentage of glomeruli with global sclerosis, the fractional interstitial area, the serum creatinine, the average tuft volume of non-sclerotic glomeruli and the renal plasma flow.The strong predictive relationship of the three structural variables with the slope of GFR in our subjects suggests that even at the time of their initial diagnosis many patients with IgAN already manifest a 'remnant kidney' phenomenon. The distinctive pathophysiological insights derived from this study suggest some of the advantages of intense quantitative investigations applied to a small number of subjects.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/ndt/gfm560

    View details for Web of Science ID 000253022100034

    View details for PubMedID 17890749

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