Elif Seda Selamet Tierney

Publication Details

  • Changes in left heart hemodynamics after technically successful in-utero aortic valvuloplasty ULTRASOUND IN OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY Tierney, E. S., Wald, R. M., McElhinney, D. B., Marshall, A. C., Benson, C. B., Colan, S. D., Marcus, E. N., Marx, G. R., Levine, J. C., Wilkins-Haug, L., Lock, J. E., Tworetzky, W. 2007; 30 (5): 715-720

    Abstract:

    Severe aortic stenosis in the mid-gestation fetus can progress to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). @ In-utero aortic valvuloplasty is an innovative therapy to promote left ventricular growth and function and potentially to prevent HLHS. This study evaluated the effects of mid-gestation fetal balloon aortic valvuloplasty on subsequent fetal left ventricular function and left heart Doppler characteristics.We reviewed fetuses with aortic stenosis that underwent attempted in-utero aortic valvuloplasty between 2000 and 2006. Pre-intervention and the latest post-intervention fetal echocardiograms were analyzed to characterize changes in left heart function and Doppler characteristics in utero.Forty-two fetuses underwent attempted aortic valvuloplasty during the study period, 12 of which were excluded from analysis secondary to inadequate follow-up data, termination or fetal demise. Study fetuses (n = 30) underwent pre-intervention echocardiography at a median gestational age of 23 weeks, and were followed for a median of 66 +/- 23 days post-intervention. In 26 fetuses, aortic valvuloplasty was technically successful. Among these 26, left heart physiology was abnormal pre-intervention and improved or normalized after intervention in most cases: biphasic mitral inflow was present in 5/25 (20%) cases pre-intervention and in 21/23 (91%) post-intervention (P < 0.001); moderate or severe mitral regurgitation was present in 14/26 (54%) cases pre-intervention and in 5/23 (22%) post-intervention (P = 0.02); bidirectional flow across the patent foramen ovale was present in 0/26 cases pre-intervention and in 6/25 (24%) post-intervention (P = 0.01); antegrade flow in the transverse arch was present in 0/25 cases pre-intervention and in 17/26 (65%) post-intervention (P < 0.001). The left ventricular ejection fraction increased from 19 +/- 10% pre-intervention to 39 +/- 14% post-intervention (P < 0.001). These changes were not observed in control fetuses (n = 18).Fetal aortic valvuloplasty, when technically successful, improves left ventricular systolic function and left heart Doppler characteristics.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/uog.5132

    View details for Web of Science ID 000250732900006

    View details for PubMedID 17764106

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