Mark Holodniy

Publication Details

  • DECREASE IN HIV PROVIRUS IN PERIPHERAL-BLOOD MONONUCLEAR-CELLS DURING ZIDOVUDINE AND HUMAN RIL-2 ADMINISTRATION JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES AND HUMAN RETROVIROLOGY Clark, A. G., Holodniy, M., Schwartz, D. H., Katzenstein, D. A., Merigan, T. C. 1992; 5 (1): 52-59

    Abstract:

    Quantification of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) proviral DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) was performed in 13 HIV-seropositive asymptomatic individuals during 10-24 months by polymerase chain reaction amplification of multiple half-log dilutions of cellular DNA. At enrollment, subjects had a geometric mean titer of 100 copies of HIV provirus per 10(6) PBMC (mean +/- SD, 2 +/- 0.9 log10). In four untreated individuals there was no significant change in provirus levels during a mean period of 13.3 months. In eight patients treated with zidovudine (ZDV) and human recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2), HIV provirus copies declined to 13 per 10(6) cells (1.1 +/- 0.8 log10) at the end of the first course of ZDV and rIL-2 at week 20 (p less than 0.01), and to 40 per 10(6) cells (1.6 +/- 0.9 log10) after 12 months of treatment (p less than 0.04). Subsequent courses, which included 12 weeks of ZDV alone or 4 weeks of IL-2 alone, did not significantly change the already depressed provirus copy numbers. Proviral copy number also remained depressed during drug-free "washout periods" between courses. Finally, we observed a return to a geometric mean of 400 copies per 10(6) cells (2.6 +/- 0.3 log10) a mean of 7.9 months after discontinuation of therapy. Measurement of changes in HIV provirus should provide a direct marker for defining antiviral activity of drugs, biologics, and combination therapy.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1992GW91300009

    View details for PubMedID 1738087

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