Stephen Galli

Publication Details

  • TNF can contribute to multiple features of ovalbumin-induced allergic inflammation of the airways in mice JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY Nakae, S., Lunderius, C., Ho, L. H., Schafer, B., Tsai, M., Galli, S. J. 2007; 119 (3): 680-686


    TNF is thought to contribute to airway hyperreactivity (AHR) and airway inflammation in asthma. However, studies with TNF-deficient or TNF receptor-deficient mice have not produced a clear picture of the role of TNF in the AHR associated with allergic inflammation in the mouse.We used a genetic approach to investigate the contributions of TNF to antigen-induced AHR and airway inflammation in mice on the C57BL/6 background.We analyzed features of airway allergic inflammation, including antigen-induced AHR, in C57BL/6 wild-type and TNF(-/-) mice, using 2 different methods for sensitizing the mice to ovalbumin (OVA).In mice sensitized to OVA administered with the adjuvant aluminum hydroxide (alum), which develop IgE-independent and mast cell-independent allergic inflammation and AHR, we found no significant differences in OVA-induced AHR in C57BL/6-TNF(-/-) versus wild-type mice. By contrast, in mice sensitized to OVA without alum, which develop allergic inflammation that is significantly mast cell-dependent, C57BL/6-TNF(-/-) mice exhibited significant reductions versus wild-type mice in OVA-induced AHR to methacholine; numbers of lymphocytes, neutrophils, and eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid; levels of myeloperoxidase, eosinophil peroxidase, and the cytokines IL-4, IL-5, and IL-17 in lung tissue; and histologic evidence of pulmonary inflammation.In pulmonary allergic inflammation induced in mice immunized with OVA without alum, TNF significantly contributes to several features of the response, including antigen-induced inflammation and AHR.Our findings in mice support the hypothesis that TNF can promote the allergic inflammation and AHR associated with asthma.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaci.2006.11.701

    View details for Web of Science ID 000244925000022

    View details for PubMedID 17336618

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