Hsi-Yang Wu

Publication Details

  • Smooth muscle and neural mechanisms contributing to the downregulation of neonatal rat spontaneous bladder contractions during postnatal development AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY Ng, Y., de Groat, W. C., Wu, H. 2007; 292 (5): R2100-R2112

    Abstract:

    Spontaneous bladder contractions (SBCs) in the neonatal rat urinary bladder change from a high-amplitude, low-frequency pattern to a low-amplitude, high-frequency pattern during the first 6 wk of life. Understanding the mechanism of this developmental change may provide insights into the causes of bladder overactivity in adults. In vitro whole bladder preparations from Sprague-Dawley rats were used to study the modulation of SBCs by calcium-activated potassium channels (K(Ca)) and electrical field stimulation from 3 days to 6 wk of life. SBCs in 3-day-old bladders were unmasked by treatment with iberiotoxin (100 nM), an inhibitor of large conductance K(Ca) (BK) channels, or apamin (100 nM), an inhibitor of small conductance K(Ca) (SK) channels. Iberiotoxin significantly increased the magnitude of SBCs at 2-3 wk, whereas apamin was only effective at 6 wk. In 1-2 wk bladders, exposure to room temperature Krebs solution decreased SBCs. This decrease was reversed by activating intramural nerves with electrical field stimulation. The effect of electrical field stimulation was inhibited by atropine (1 microM), suramin (10 microM), or pretreatment with tetrodotoxin (1 microM) but was not reversed by tetrodotoxin applied after electrical field stimulation. BK-alpha mRNA increased threefold, and BK-alpha protein increased fivefold from 3 days to 6 wk. These data suggest that BK channels play an important role in the regulation of SBCs in the neonatal bladder and that both increased BK channel activity, as well as changes in smooth muscle sensitivity to locally released neurotransmitters contribute to the downregulation of SBCs during early postnatal development.

    View details for DOI 10.1152/ajpregu.00779.2006

    View details for Web of Science ID 000247725200040

    View details for PubMedID 17234952

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