Lawrence Steinman

Publication Details

  • A SINGLE AMINO-ACID CHANGE IN A MYELIN BASIC-PROTEIN PEPTIDE CONFERS THE CAPACITY TO PREVENT RATHER THAN INDUCE EXPERIMENTAL AUTOIMMUNE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Smilek, D. E., Wraith, D. C., Hodgkinson, S., Dwivedy, S., Steinman, L., McDevitt, H. O. 1991; 88 (21): 9633-9637

    Abstract:

    Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an experimental demyelinating disease of rodents. In (PL/J x SJL) F1 mice, it is induced by immunization with the myelin basic protein peptide Ac1-11. Ac1-11 [4A], a myelin basic protein peptide analog with a single amino acid substitution, (i) binds to class II major histocompatibility complex molecules and stimulates encephalitogenic T cells in vitro better than Ac1-11, (ii) is nonimmunogenic and nonencephalitogenic in vivo in (PL/J x SJL)F1 mice, (iii) prevents EAE when administered before or at the time of immunization with Ac1-11, and (iv) prevents EAE when administered later, near the time of disease onset. Initial studies suggest that Ac1-11 [4A] does not prevent EAE by competitive inhibition or by activation of regulatory cells. Thus, substitution of a single amino acid in a myelin basic protein peptide confers the capacity to prevent rather than induce EAE, even after peptide-specific encephalitogenic T cells have been activated.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1991GM78100053

    View details for PubMedID 1719536

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