Paul Zei

Publication Details

  • Large radiofrequency ablation lesions can be created with a retractable infusion-needle catheter JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY Sapp, J. L., Cooper, J. M., Zei, P., Stevenson, W. G. 2006; 17 (6): 657-661

    Abstract:

    Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia is sometimes limited by inadequate lesion depth. We report the use of a novel retractable needle-tipped electrode catheter with intramyocardial (IM) saline infusion and IM RF energy delivery to create large myocardial ablation lesions.The left ventricle was entered via the femoral artery in 6 and 11 anesthetized goats and swine (32-90 kg) with an 8-F electrode catheter with an extendable 27-gauge needle at the tip (modified for RF ablation by making the needle electrically active). The needle was advanced 5-7 mm intramyocardially and 0.9% saline was infused 1 mL/min x 60 seconds prior to, and throughout a 120-second application of RF via the active needle, with power titrated to 12 W for 9 lesions, and 30-40 W for 37 lesions, followed by a 120-second RF application using the 4-mm-tip electrode, with power titrated to achieve a 10-Omega decrease in impedance. Needle/saline lesions were compared to 18 standard 4-mm-tip control lesions (power titrated to < or =50 W, to achieve a 10-Omega impedance decrease or limited to 60 degrees Celsius) and to 17 irrigated 3.5-mm-tip lesions (power titrated to < or =50 W, temperature limited to 50 degrees Celsius, 30 mL/min infusion rate). Lesions were identified in the excised heart, fixed, serially sectioned from the endocardium, and digitally analyzed to calculate volume.Lesions were homogeneous and had distinct borders. Compared to 4-mm-tip and irrigated-tip lesions, high-power needle/saline lesions were significantly deeper (13 +/- 2 vs 5 +/- 1 and 8 +/- 3 mm, P < 0.001), had significantly larger volumes (1,700 +/- 750 vs 240 +/- 170 and 750 +/- 650 mm(3), P < 0.001), and had larger cross-sectional area at each millimeter depth beyond the 1 mm (P < 0.01).IM saline infusion and IM RF energy delivery markedly increase RF lesion size as compared to standard RF ablation and is feasible with a percutaneous catheter. This method warrants further investigation because of its potential clinical utility.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2006.00439.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000237740000018

    View details for PubMedID 16836718

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