Greer Murphy M.D., Ph.D.

Publication Details

  • Application of microarray technology in psychotropic drug trials. Journal of psychopharmacology Murphy, G. M. 2006; 20 (4): 72-78


    Microarrays can be manufactured to detect hundreds of thousands of polymorphisms in DNA from patients in psychotropic drug trials. Some of these polymorphisms may be useful as pharmacogenetic predictors of treatment outcomes. We tested a microarray designed to detect common polymorphisms in the CYP2D6 gene that encodes debrisoquine hydroxylase (DH). DH is involved in the hepatic metabolism of many psychotropics. CYP2D6 genotypes predicted plasma steady state concentrations of nortriptyline, a classic DH substrate, in a sample of geriatric patients with major depression. However, in a sample of 246 geriatric patients treated with paroxetine or mirtazapine, both of which are metabolized in part by DH, CYP2D6 genotypes determined with microarrays did not predict discontinuations due to adverse events or severity of adverse events. For modern antidepressants such as paroxetine and mirtazapine, pharmacokinetic factors that are regulated by CYP2D6 such as plasma drug concentrations may be less important than pharmacodynamic factors in determining outcomes. Studies of single candidate genes such as CYP2D6 have only begun to utilize the potential of microarrays for pharmacogenetic prediction. Yet, there is controversy as to whether genome-wide studies designed to detect millions of genotypes with microarrays will lead to new pharmacogenetic discoveries, or whether a more focused, hypothesis-driven approach is better.

    View details for PubMedID 16785274

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