Daniel A. Arber, M.D.

Publication Details

  • The use of archival bone marrow specimens in detecting B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas using polymerase chain reaction methods LEUKEMIA & LYMPHOMA Nagasaka, T., Lai, R., Chen, Y. Y., Chen, W. G., Arber, D. A., Chang, K. L., Weiss, L. M. 2000; 36 (3-4): 347-352

    Abstract:

    The detection of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL) involving the bone marrow (BM) can be enhanced by assessing immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH/JH) gene rearrangement using PCR. While the fresh BM aspirate has been the most commonly used specimen, the utility of archival BM tissues has not been extensively evaluated. We studied the BM from 13 patients with nodal B-NHL (7 low-grade and 6 intermediate grade), which were categorized into three groups based on the histologic finding of lymphoma (H) and the presence of a monoclonal IgH/JH band by PCR using fresh BM aspirates (M): (1) H(+)/M(+), 4 cases; (2) H(+)/M(-), 4 cases; and (3) H(equivocal)/M(-), 5 cases. Archival tissues available for study included paraffin-embedded trephine biopsy (TB)/aspirate clots (AC) and air-dried aspirate smears (AS). All TB (13/13) and a subset of AC (5/13) were B5-fixed, and all these tissues failed to yield analyzable DNA. In contrast, sufficient DNA was consistently obtained in AC that were formalin-fixed (8/13). Of these 8 cases, 2/3 of group 1, 3/3 of group 2, and 0/2 of group 3 had a monoclonal IgH band. Using DNA extracted from microdissected lymphoid aggregates morphologically evident in the AC sections, additional positive cases were identified: 1/3 of group 1 and 2/2 of group 3. In those 5 cases that did not have formalin-fixed TB/AC, sufficient DNA was extracted from AS in all cases; one additional positive case was identified in group 1. Overall, 4/4 (100%) of group 1, 3/4 (75%) of group 2, and 2/5 (40%) of group 3 showed molecular evidence of lymphoma. To conclude, archival BM specimens are a useful source of DNA for molecular detection of B-NHL involvement, and formalin appears to be a better fixative than B5. The use of these samples may improve the overall detection sensitivity.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000085020700014

    View details for PubMedID 10674907

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