Stephen Galli

Publication Details

  • Mast cells enhance T cell activation: Importance of mast cell costimulatory molecules and secreted TNF JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY Nakae, S., Suto, H., Iikura, M., Kakurai, M., Sedgwick, J. D., Tsai, M., Galli, S. J. 2006; 176 (4): 2238-2248


    We recently reported that mast cells stimulated via FcepsilonRI aggregation can enhance T cell activation by a TNF-dependent mechanism. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for such IgE-, Ag- (Ag-), and mast cell-dependent enhancement of T cell activation remain unknown. In this study we showed that mouse bone marrow-derived cultured mast cells express various costimulatory molecules, including members of the B7 family (ICOS ligand (ICOSL), PD-L1, and PD-L2) and the TNF/TNFR families (OX40 ligand (OX40L), CD153, Fas, 4-1BB, and glucocorticoid-induced TNFR). ICOSL, PD-L1, PD-L2, and OX40L also are expressed on APCs such as dendritic cells and can modulate T cell function. We found that IgE- and Ag-dependent mast cell enhancement of T cell activation required secreted TNF; that TNF can increase the surface expression of OX40, ICOS, PD-1, and other costimulatory molecules on CD3(+) T cells; and that a neutralizing Ab to OX40L, but not neutralizing Abs to ICOSL or PD-L1, significantly reduced IgE/Ag-dependent mast cell-mediated enhancement of T cell activation. These results indicate that the secretion of soluble TNF and direct cell-cell interactions between mast cell OX40L and T cell OX40 contribute to the ability of IgE- and Ag-stimulated mouse mast cells to enhance T cell activation.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000235180900025

    View details for PubMedID 16455980

Stanford Medicine Resources:

Footer Links: