Pejman Ghanouni

Publication Details

  • The effect of pH on beta(2) adrenoceptor function - Evidence for protonation-dependent activation JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Ghanouni, P., Schambye, H., Seifert, R., LEE, T. W., Rasmussen, S. G., Gether, U., Kobilka, B. K. 2000; 275 (5): 3121-3127


    The transition of rhodopsin from the inactive to the active state is associated with proton uptake at Glu(134) (1), and recent mutagenesis studies suggest that protonation of the homologous amino acid in the alpha(1B) adrenergic receptor (Asp(142)) may be involved in its mechanism of activation (2). To further explore the role of protonation in G protein-coupled receptor activation, we examined the effects of pH on the rate of ligand-induced conformational change and on receptor-mediated G protein activation for the beta(2) adrenergic receptor (beta(2)AR). The rate of agonist-induced change in the fluorescence of NBD-labeled, purified beta(2)AR was 2-fold greater at pH 6.5 than at pH 8, even though agonist affinity was lower at pH 6.5. This biophysical analysis was corroborated by functional studies; basal (agonist-independent) activation of Galpha(s) by the beta(2)AR was greater at pH 6.5 compared with pH 8.0. Taken together, these results provide evidence that protonation increases basal activity by destabilizing the inactive state of the receptor. In addition, we found that the pH sensitivity of beta(2)AR activation is not abrogated by mutation of Asp(130), which is homologous to the highly conserved acidic amino acids that link protonation to activation of rhodopsin (Glu(134)) and the alpha(1B) adrenergic receptor (Asp(142)).

    View details for Web of Science ID 000085146500017

    View details for PubMedID 10652295

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