Heike Daldrup-Link

Publication Details

  • Assessing permeability alterations of the blood-bone marrow barrier due to total body irradiation: in vivo quantification with contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION Daldrup-Link, H. E., Link, T. M., Rummeny, E. J., August, C., Konemann, S., Jurgens, H., Heindel, W. 2000; 25 (1): 71-78


    Our aim was to quantify irradiation-induced permeability alterations of the blood-bone marrow barrier (BMB) with dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The standard small molecular contrast agent, gadoterate meglumine, and a new macromolecular contrast agent, carboxymethyldextran-Gd-DOTA (CMD-Gd-DOTA), were compared. Twenty New Zealand white rabbits underwent MRI of the bone marrow before and 1-2 days after total body irradiation (TBI). Dynamic, repetitive T1-weighted MRI was performed before and after injection of either 0.05 mmol/kg BW CMD-Gd-DOTA (n = 10) or 0.5 mmol/kg BW gadoterate (n = 10). Bone marrow contrast enhancement was quantified as delta signal intensity: DeltaSI = |(SIpost - SIpre) / SIpre| * 100%. All MRI data were compared with the histopathologic BMB ultrastructure. Dynamic bone marrow DeltaSI data steadily increased after CMD-Gd-DOTA injection, while blood DeltaSI data slightly decreased. This bone marrow contrast enhancement, indicative of contrast agent extravasation, was significantly higher and prolonged in the irradiated group as compared to non-irradiated controls (P < 0.05) and corresponded to irradiation-induced alterations of the BMB ultrastructure seen on electron microscopy. By contrast, DeltaSI data of non-irradiated and irradiated marrow were not significantly different following gadoterate injection (P > 0.05). We conclude that irradiation-induced alterations in BMB permeability could be reliably assessed with dynamic MRI, using the new macromolecular contrast agent CMD-Gd-DOTA. Bone Marrow Transplantation (2000) 25, 71-78.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000085213100013

    View details for PubMedID 10654018

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