Jiang-Ti Kong

Publication Details

  • Concealed mothball abuse prior to anesthesia: mothballs, inhalants, and their management ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA Kong, J. T., Schmiesing, C. 2005; 49 (1): 113-116


    Mothballs are one of a number of volatile compounds including model airplane glue, spray paint, nail polish remover, room fresheners, and gasoline that are intentionally inhaled for the purpose of recreational self-intoxication. Their inhalation produces a rapid 'high' characterized by euphoria and generalized intoxication. Chronic abuse can be associated with significant organ impairment, and, in rare cases, cardiac dysrhythmias and deranged end-tidal gas monitoring. Mothballs contain the aromatic compound naphthalene and/or paradichlorobenzene. Prolonged exposure can cause hepatic failure and severe hemolytic anemia. We present a case of a young adult who initially concealed her chronic mothball inhalation. The literature regarding mothball abuse as well as inhalant abuse relevant to anesthesia is reviewed, and suggestions for the diagnosis and peri-operative management are offered.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1399-6576.2004.00510.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000226638800024

    View details for PubMedID 15675996

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