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  • Mycophenolate mofetil in pediatric renal transplantation: Non-induction vs. induction with basiliximab PEDIATRIC TRANSPLANTATION Ojogho, O., Sahney, S., Cutler, D., Baron, P. W., Abdelhalim, F. M., James, S., Zuppan, C., Franco, E., Concepcion, W. 2005; 9 (1): 80-83

    Abstract:

    North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study (NAPRTCS) reports have shown anti-T cell antibody, OKT3, to be deleterious in pediatric renal transplant recipients treated with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Unlike OKT3, basiliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody to the alpha subunit of the interleukin-2 receptor on activated T-lymphocytes. We sought to examine the outcome of MMF with or without basiliximab induction therapy in pediatric renal transplantation. Between January 1998, and June 2001, 49 pediatric renal transplants were performed at our center and 41 met the criteria for this study. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 25 patients who received MMF, Prednisone, CSA or TAC, alone (group I) and 16 patients who received MMF, CSA or TAC, and Prednisone in combination with basiliximab (group II). The two groups were similar with respect to recipient or donor age, gender, ethnicity, donor source (LD vs. CAD), cold ischemia time, and primary diagnosis. The basiliximab group had a shorter follow up period because of its more recent addition to our pediatric immunosuppression protocol, 12.9 +/- 5.9 months vs. 35.5 +/- 7.2 months for group I (p < 0.0001). At 6 months, the acute rejection rate was 16% (group I) compared with 25% (group II) (p = 0.689). The patient and graft survival at 6 and 12 months were 100% respectively for both groups. Basiliximab was well tolerated without significant adverse events. At 6 months, there was no significant difference between the groups in the incidence of urinary tract infection or cytomegalovirus infection. These data suggest that in the short-term, MMF with or without basiliximab induction therapy appears to yield excellent and statistically similar outcomes. However, further controlled studies are necessary to verify these findings as well as to define the role of basiliximab in MMF-treated pediatric renal transplant recipients.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1399-3046.2005.00267.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000226511800016

    View details for PubMedID 15667617

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