William Benitz

Publication Details

  • Utilization and outcomes of neonatal cardiac extracorporeal life support: 1996-2000. Pediatric critical care medicine Hintz, S. R., Benitz, W. E., Colby, C. E., Sheehan, A. M., Rycus, P., Van Meurs, K. P. 2005; 6 (1): 33-38

    Abstract:

    Extracorporeal life support for neonatal respiratory failure has decreased, but utilization and outcome of cardiac extracorporeal life support are not well characterized. Among neonates born 1996-2000, our objects were to evaluate changes in utilization and outcome of cardiac extracorporeal life support and characterize correlates of survival.Retrospective analysis of Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry data.Intensive care units participating in the ELSO registry.Patients placed on extracorporeal life support for center-specified "cardiac support" at 15 days was associated with improved survival among hypoplastic left heart syndrome patients (p = .03), and survivors had fewer mean extracorporeal life support hours (89.3 +/- 52.3 vs. 147.5 +/- 129.7, p = .015). Logistic regression showed that only greater number of hours on extracorporeal life support was independently associated with nonsurvival.Neonatal cardiac extracorporeal life support use increased substantially from 1996 to 2000, with survival to discharge or transfer in more than one third of patients. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome was not associated with nonsurvival. Fewer hours on extracorporeal life support, diagnoses of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate and transposition of the great arteries, and extracorporeal life support at <3 days were associated with survival.

    View details for PubMedID 15636656

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