C. Barr Taylor

Publication Details

  • IMIPRAMINE AND ALPRAZOLAM EFFECTS ON STRESS TEST REACTIVITY IN PANIC DISORDER BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY Roth, W. T., MARGRAF, J., Ehlers, A., Haddad, J. M., Maddock, R. J., Agras, W. S., Taylor, C. B. 1992; 31 (1): 35-51

    Abstract:

    The reactivity of 40 panic disorder patients on mental arithmetic, cold pressor, and 5% CO2 inhalation stressors was tested before and after 8 weeks of treatment with imipramine, alprazolam, or placebo. Mean levels of subjective and physiological stress measures were compared during a baseline before any stressors were given, and at anticipation, stressor, and recovery periods for each stressor. After treatment, imipramine patients differed from the other two treatment groups on the prestressor baseline in showing higher systolic blood pressure (mean difference about 10 mmHg), higher diastolic blood pressure (10 mm Hg), higher heart rate (15 bpm), less respiratory sinus arrhythmia, shorter pulse transit time, and lower T-wave amplitude. Respiratory measures, electrodermal measures, body movement, and self-reported anxiety and excitement did not distinguish the groups. Reactivity to the stress tests was unaffected by the medications, but tonic differences present in the baseline persisted.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1992GX47400004

    View details for PubMedID 1543796

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