Robert Dodd

Publication Details

  • Oxidative injury to the endoplasmic reticulum in mouse brains after transient focal ischemia NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE Hayashi, T., Saito, A., Okuno, S., Ferrand-Drake, M., Dodd, R. L., Chan, P. H. 2004; 15 (2): 229-239

    Abstract:

    Oxidative damage to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) could be involved in ischemic neuronal cell death because this organelle is susceptible to reactive oxygen species. Using wild-type mice and copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) transgenic mice, we induced focal cerebral ischemia and compared neuronal degeneration and ER stress, that is, phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2alpha (eIF2alpha) and RNA-dependent protein kinase-like ER eIF2alpha kinase (PERK). We found that neurons with severe and prolonged phosphorylation of eIF2alpha and PERK underwent later degeneration, and that this was partially prevented by SOD1 overexpression. Signals for superoxide production and phospho-PERK were colocalized, which further indicates a pivotal role for superoxide in ER damage. We investigated the molecular mechanisms of oxidative ER stress and found that detachment of glucose-regulated protein 78 from PERK was the key step. We conclude that ER damage is involved in oxidative neuronal injury in the brain after ischemia/reperfusion.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.nbd.2003.10.005

    View details for Web of Science ID 000220173800008

    View details for PubMedID 15006693

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