Erich Schwartz

Publication Details

  • Human herpesvirus-8 latent nuclear antigen-1 expression in endemic Kaposi sarcoma - An immunohistochemical study of 16 cases AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL PATHOLOGY Schwartz, E. J., Dorfman, R. F., Kohler, S. 2003; 27 (12): 1546-1550


    Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) infection is considered the initiating factor in all forms of Kaposi sarcoma (KS). Latent nuclear antigen (LNA-1) is constitutively expressed in all HHV-8-infected cells. An antibody to LNA-1 has recently become commercially available. The current study addresses the role of immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of KS, particularly the endemic form. Seven recent cases of KS, 1 atypical vascular lesion in a patient subsequently diagnosed with KS, and 16 endemic cases collected in South Africa in the early 1960s were stained with an antibody to LNA-1. Nine benign vascular lesions and three angiosarcomas were also stained. All 7 recent cases expressed the antigen as did the atypical vascular lesion. Of particular interest was the finding that 10 of the 16 endemic cases were positive. None of the other vascular lesions showed staining. A subset of the endemic lesions was stained for CD31, an antigen universally expressed in KS. CD31 staining was reduced compared with a positive control suggesting that the current study may underestimate the sensitivity of LNA-1 immunohistochemistry in endemic KS because of poor antigen preservation in the archival tissue. Our results confirm the utility of LNA-1 immunohistochemistry as an aid in the diagnosis of KS.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000186820600007

    View details for PubMedID 14657714

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