Sherry M. Wren

Publication Details

  • THE REQUIREMENT FOR ALLOGENEIC CHIMERISM FOR 2ND TRANSFER OF TOLERANCE FROM MIXED ALLOGENEIC CHIMERAS (A + B -] A) TO SECONDARY RECIPIENTS TRANSPLANTATION Wren, S. M., HRONAKES, M. L., Ildstad, S. T. 1992; 54 (6): 1031-1040

    Abstract:

    We have applied the model of mixed allogeneic chimerism (A+B-->A), in which stem cells from both allogeneic and syngeneic donor engraft, to determine the in vivo cellular requirements for transfer of tolerance from mixed chimeras to secondary recipients. Using two approaches, we have demonstrated that the persistence of donor-specific transplantation tolerance is dependent on the presence of bone-marrow-derived cells. When untreated bone marrow from mixed chimeras was transferred to irradiated secondary recipient mice, most of the secondary recipients were rescued, but only 48% were demonstrably chimeric. This pattern of repopulation, therefore, allowed us to examine whether chimerism was required to maintain transplantation tolerance. In all of our studies, the presence of allogeneic chimerism was required for successful transfer of tolerance from mixed allogeneic chimeras to irradiated secondary recipients. Only those secondary recipients which repopulated with demonstrable allogeneic chimerism exhibited in vivo and in vitro evidence for transfer of donor-specific transplantation tolerance. These results were confirmed by using transfer of bone marrow from mixed chimeras depleted of allogeneic class I elements. In an attempt to identify a putative population of suppressor cells, second transfer of splenic lymphoid cells from mixed allogeneic chimeras, containing approximately 6 times more T-lymphocytes that were functionally tolerant to donor alloantigens, was also performed with similar results. These data suggest that the in vivo maintenance of tolerance to MHC transplantation alloantigens requires persistence of donor bone marrow-derived alloantigens.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1992KD06200017

    View details for PubMedID 1465769

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