Sherry M. Wren

Publication Details

  • EVIDENCE THAT INDEFINITE SURVIVAL OF SMALL-BOWEL ALLOGRAFTS ACHIEVED BY A BRIEF COURSE OF CYCLOSPORINE OR FK506 IS NOT DUE TO SYSTEMIC HYPORESPONSIVENESS TRANSPLANTATION Langrehr, J. M., Hoffman, R. A., Demetris, A. J., Lee, K. K., Neuhaus, P., Wren, S. M., Ildstad, S. T., Schraut, W. H. 1992; 54 (3): 505-510

    Abstract:

    The immunological status of Lewis (LEW) recipients of indefinitely surviving (greater than 400 days) orthotopic Brown-Norway (BN) small bowel allografts was investigated 1 to 1 1/2 years after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy with either cyclosporine or FK506 and compared with recipients of syngeneic grafts. A normal proliferative response (as measured by a mixed lymphocyte culture) of recipient peripheral lymph node lymphocytes in response to the donor-specific (BN) and the third-party (ACI) antigen, was observed in all experimental groups. Cytolytic T cell generation (as measured by a standard 51Cr-release cytotoxicity assay) in response to the donor-specific (BN) and the third-party (ACI) antigen was observed also in all groups. A FACS analysis of allograft-recipient splenocytes showed no evidence for systemic lymphoid chimerism. BN or ACI skin grafts transplanted onto recipients of allogeneic and syngeneic small bowel grafts were rejected completely in 12-17 days, while the intestinal grafts remained functional. Immunohistologic evaluation of the allografts, using anti-BN class I and anti-Lewis class II monoclonal antibodies showed anti-BN staining on the epithelial and endothelial structures, whereas the mononuclear cells in the lamina propria stained positively with the anti-LEW monoclonal antibody. However, lymphoid depletion and scarring of Peyer's patches and mesenteric lymph nodes as well as focal obliterative mesenteric arteriopathy, indicative of an indolent chronic rejection, were observed. These data demonstrate that recipients of indefinitely surviving small bowel allografts remain immune competent and do not retain the intestinal graft on the basis of specific hyporesponsiveness to the donor antigens.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1992JP01800022

    View details for PubMedID 1384185

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