Mark Holodniy

Publication Details

  • GBV-C viremia and clinical events in advanced HIV infection. Journal of medical virology Sahni, H., Kirkwood, K., Kyriakides, T. C., Stapleton, J., Brown, S. T., Holodniy, M. 2013


    GB Virus C (GBV-C) is a non-pathogenic flavivirus, commonly found in HIV infected patients. Studies suggest a survival benefit of GBV-C viremia in HIV infection. Impact of GBV-C viremia was evaluated on clinical outcome in multidrug-resistant HIV. The OPTIMA study enrolled advanced multidrug-resistant HIV patients with a CD4 count ≤300 cells/mm(3) . This study included a subset of OPTIMA patients. Primary endpoints included AIDS events or death. GBV-C status was assessed at baseline and last time point on study by real-time PCR. Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine if CD4 count (100/mm(3) ), treatment assignment, presence or disappearance of GBV-C viremia, GBV-C viral load level and Hepatitis C virus antibody status were associated with outcome. Of 288 patients (98% male, baseline mean age 48 years, HIV viral load 4.67 log10 /ml, and CD4 127 cells/mm(3) ), 62 (21.5%) had detectable GBV-C viremia. The mortality rate for GBV-C infected subjects was lower, 19/62 (30.7%) versus 87/226 (38.5%), and time to death shorter (HR 0.67, 95% CI 0.41-1.11), but the results were not significantly different. The time to development of AIDS events was not different (HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.52-1.53). Among covariates, only CD4 count (HR 0.28, CI 0.19-0.42) had a significant survival effect. A trend in decreased mortality was seen in GBV-C+ patients with CD4 <100/mm(3) in multivariate analyses. GBV-C co-infection in multidrug-resistant HIV infected patients was associated with a trend in improved survival but not decreased AIDS events. Analysis was limited by cohort size. J. Med. Virol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/jmv.23845

    View details for PubMedID 24249700

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