Gary Schoolnik

Publication Details

  • MONOPHASIC AND BIPHASIC SALMONELLA-TYPHI - GENETIC HOMOGENEITY AND DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY MOSHITCH, S., Doll, L., RUBINFELD, B. Z., STOCKER, B. A., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Gafni, Y., Frankel, G. 1992; 6 (18): 2589-2597

    Abstract:

    Several lines of evidence indicate a relatively low genetic heterogeneity in the natural Salmonella typhi population. However, some S. typhi isolates found in Indonesia express, instead of the usual fliC-d flagellin gene, a different flagellar gene fliC-j. In addition, Indonesian strains may have a second flagellar antigen fliC-z66. We have previously suggested, on the basis of the flagellar antigen constitution, that S. typhi evolved in an isolated human population in Indonesia. In order to test this hypothesis, we have gathered S. typhi isolates from around the world and tested the genetic heterogeneity among them. In general, polymorphism was greater in isolates from the Far East, as was indicated by Southern hybridizations with rDNA and fliC DNA probes. Gene fliC-j was not found in S. typhi isolates, other than those from Indonesia. However, the one-clone origin of S. typhi was indicated by a common DNA fingerprint pattern and by the occurrence, in the 5' end region of the fliC gene, of 10 scattered nucleotides that differ from the corresponding 10 nucleotides in other fliC alleles studied. These nucleotides were present in all isolates tested but did not change the amino acid sequence of the flagellin polypeptide.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1992JP27100006

    View details for PubMedID 1360138

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