Amit Etkin, MD, PhD

Publication Details

  • The neural correlates of emotion-based cognitive control in adults with early childhood behavioral inhibition BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY Jarcho, J. M., Fox, N. A., Pine, D. S., Etkin, A., Leibenluft, E., Shechner, T., Ernst, M. 2013; 92 (2): 306-314


    The present study is the first to assess whether the neural correlates of cognitive control processes differ in adults with and without a behaviorally inhibited temperament during early childhood. Adults with and without childhood behavioral inhibition completed an emotional conflict task while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning. While no group differences in behavior were observed, adults with childhood behavioral inhibition, relative to adults without childhood behavioral inhibition, exhibited greater dorsomedial prefrontal cortex activity during conflict detection and greater putamen activity during conflict adaptation. Lifetime psychopathology predicted behavioral, but not brain-related, differences in conflict adaptation. These data suggest that the brain regions underlying cognitive control processes are differentially influenced by childhood behavioral inhibition, and may be differently related to psychopathology.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2012.09.008

    View details for Web of Science ID 000315315700029

    View details for PubMedID 23046903

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