William Clusin, MD

Publication Details

  • DO CALCIUM-DEPENDENT IONIC CURRENTS MEDIATE ISCHEMIC VENTRICULAR-FIBRILLATION AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY Clusin, W. T., Bristow, M. R., Karagueuzian, H. S., KATZUNG, B. G., Schroeder, J. S. 1982; 49 (3): 606-612

    Abstract:

    Calcium ions mediate the adverse effects of myocardial ischemia and have been implicated in the genesis of arrhythmias. Calcium influx blocking drugs protect against early ventricular arrhythmias during experimental coronary occlusion, and recent studies suggest that this effect is at least partly due to inhibition of myocardial cell calcium influx. Most of the pharmacologic maneuvers used to simulate acute ischemic arrhythmias in vivo also produce intracellular calcium overload. Production of calcium overload in small myocardial cell clusters causes fibrillatory electrical and mechanical activity similar to that recorded from fibrillating hearts. Fibrillation in these cell clusters is mediated not by reentrant conduction, but by the same subcellular processes that give rise to depolarizing afterpotentials and abnormal automaticity. Agents favoring calcium influx, such as beta adrenergic agonists, accentuate these processes, while agents that depress calcium influx inhibit them. Although the relation of these experimental models to clinical ischemic arrhythmias has not been fully delineated, calcium influx blocking drugs may prove useful in reducing the incidence of sudden cardiac death.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1982ND14800019

    View details for PubMedID 6277181

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