Mark Holodniy

Publication Details

  • An open-label randomized clinical trial of novel therapeutic strategies for HIV-infected patients in whom antiretroviral therapy has failed: rationale and design of the OPTIMA Trial CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIALS Kyriakides, T. C., Babiker, A., Singer, J., Cameron, W., Schechter, M. T., Holodniy, M., Brown, S. T., Youle, M., Gazzard, B. 2003; 24 (4): 481-500


    OPTIMA (OPTions In Management with Antiretrovirals) is a clinical trial with a factorial randomization to evaluate the hypotheses that mega-antiretroviral therapy (ART) consisting of five or more anti-HIV drugs compared to standard-ART consisting of four or fewer anti-HIV drugs and a 3-month antiretroviral drug-free period (ARDFP) compared to no ARDFP will delay the occurrence of new or recurrent acquired immunodeficiency syndrome events or death, and prove to be more cost-effective in treating human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals previously exposed to ART drugs from the current three main classes. The aim is to randomize 1,700 participants to four treatment strategy arms: (1) ARDFP+standard-ART; (2) ARDFP+mega-ART; (3) no ARDFP+standard-ART; (4) no ARDFP+mega-ART. The planned study duration is 3.5 years with 2.5 years of intake and a minimum 1 year of follow-up. The OPTIMA Trial was initiated in June 2001 at 30 U.S. Department of Veterans' Affairs hospitals, 22 hospitals in Canada, and 25 hospitals in the United Kingdom. This is the first large-scale, multicenter, randomized controlled trial to compare the relative efficacy of these different therapeutic strategies. We discuss the rationale behind the OPTIMA Trial design as well as the issues arising from the conduct of a trial that involves three national clinical trial agencies.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/S0197-2456(03)00029-1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000184355000010

    View details for PubMedID 12865041

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