Steven Shafer

Publication Details

  • Inhaled anesthetics do not combine to produce synergistic effects regarding minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration in rats ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA Eger, E. J., Tang, M., Liao, M., Laster, M. J., Solt, K., Flood, P., Jenkins, A., Raines, D., Hendrickx, J. F., Shafer, S. L., Yasumasa, T., Sonner, J. M. 2008; 107 (2): 479-485


    We hypothesized that pairs of inhaled anesthetics having divergent potencies [one acting weakly at minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration (MAC); one acting strongly at MAC] on specific receptors/channels might act synergistically, and that such deviations from additivity would support the notion that anesthetics act on multiple sites to produce anesthesia.Accordingly, we studied the additivity of MAC for 11 anesthetic pairs divergently (one weakly, one strongly) affecting a specific receptor/channel at MAC. By "divergently," we usually meant that at MAC the more strongly acting anesthetic enhanced or blocked the in vitro receptor or channel at least twice (and usually more) as much as did the weakly acting anesthetic. The receptors/channels included: TREK-1 and TASK-3 potassium channels; and gamma-aminobutyric acid type A, glycine, N-methyl-D-aspartic acid, and acetylcholine receptors. We also studied the additivity of cyclopropane-benzene because the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid blocker MK-801 had divergent effects on the MACs of these anesthetics. We also studied four pairs that included nitrous oxide because nitrous oxide had been reported to produce infraadditivity (antagonism) when combined with isoflurane.All combinations produced a result within 10% of that which would be predicted by additivity except for the combination of isoflurane with nitrous oxide where infraadditivity was found.Such results are consistent with the notion that inhaled anesthetics act on a single site to produce immobility in the face of noxious stimulation.

    View details for DOI 10.1213/01.ane.0000295805.70887.65

    View details for Web of Science ID 000258168300022

    View details for PubMedID 18633026

Stanford Medicine Resources:

Footer Links: