Stephen Galli

Publication Details

  • Identification of A(3) receptor- and mast cell-dependent and -independent components of adenosine-mediated airway responsiveness in mice JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY Tilley, S. L., Tsai, M., Williams, C. M., Wang, Z. S., Erikson, C. J., GALLI, S. J., Koller, B. H. 2003; 171 (1): 331-337


    Adenosine-induced bronchoconstriction is a well-recognized feature of atopic asthma. Adenosine acts through four different G protein-coupled receptors to produce a myriad of physiological effects. To examine the contribution of the A(3) adenosine receptor to adenosine-induced bronchoconstriction and to assess the contribution of mast cells to this process, we quantified airway responsiveness to aerosolized adenosine in wild-type, A(3) receptor-deficient, and mast cell-deficient mice. Compared with the robust airway responses elicited by adenosine in wild-type mice, both A(3)-deficient and mast cell-deficient mice exhibited a significantly attenuated response compared with their respective wild-type controls. Histological examination of the airways 4 h after adenosine exposure revealed extensive degranulation of airway mast cells as well as infiltration of neutrophils in wild-type mice, whereas these findings were much diminished in A(3)-deficient mice and were not different from those in PBS-treated controls. These data indicate that the airway responses to aerosolized adenosine in mice occur largely through A(3) receptor activation and that mast cells contribute significantly to these responses, but that activation of additional adenosine receptors on a cell type(s) other than mast cells also contributes to adenosine-induced airway responsiveness in mice. Finally, our findings indicate that adenosine exposure can result in A(3)-dependent airway inflammation, as reflected in neutrophil recruitment, as well as alterations in airway function.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000183674400042

    View details for PubMedID 12817015

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