Y. Joyce Liao, M.D. Ph.D.

Publication Details

  • Optical coherence tomography study of experimental anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and histologic confirmation. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science Ho, J. K., Stanford, M. P., Shariati, M. A., Dalal, R., Liao, Y. J. 2013; 54 (9): 5981-5988


    The optic nerve is part of the central nervous system, and interruption of this pathway due to ischemia typically results in optic atrophy and loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). In this study, we assessed in vivo retinal changes following murine anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and compared these anatomic measurements to that of histology.We induced ischemia at the optic disc via laser-activated photochemical thrombosis, performed serial SD-OCT and manual segmentation of the retinal layers to measure the ganglion cell complex (GCC) and total retinal thickness, and correlated these measurements with that of histology.There was impaired perfusion and leakage at the optic disc on fluorescein angiography immediately after AION and severe swelling and distortion of the peri-papillary retina on day-1. We used SD-OCT to quantify the changes in retinal thickness following experimental AION, which revealed significant thickening of the GCC on day-1 after ischemia followed by gradual thinning that plateaued by week-3. Thickness of the peri-papillary sensory retina was also increased on day-1 and thinned chronically. This pattern of acute retinal swelling and chronic thinning on SD-OCT correlated well with changes seen in histology and corresponded to loss of retinal ganglion layer cells after ischemia.This is the first serial SD-OCT quantification of acute and chronic changes following experimental AION, which revealed changes in the ganglion cell complex similar to that of human AION, but over a time frame of weeks rather than months.

    View details for DOI 10.1167/iovs.13-12419

    View details for PubMedID 23887804

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