Peter Kao

Publication Details

  • Effect of a surgical aortocaval fistula on mono crotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE Nishimura, T., Faul, J. L., Berry, G. J., Kao, P. N., Pearl, R. G. 2003; 31 (4): 1213-1218


    Increased pulmonary blood flow is believed to contribute to the development of pulmonary hypertension. We investigated the effect of overcirculation via an aortocaval fistula, on the development of monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. Monocrotaline was administered 1 wk after the creation of an aortocaval fistula.Randomized, controlled study.Research laboratory of an academic institution.Male Sprague-Dawley rats.Overcirculation was induced by pneumonectomy and by surgical creation of aortocaval fistula. Pulmonary artery hypertension was induced by administration of monocrotaline.Aortic blood flow, Pao(2), and pulmonary arterial pressure were measured 4 wks later. A blinded investigator quantified pulmonary arterial neointimal formation in small pulmonary arteries. Compared with animals that received monocrotaline and/or underwent pneumonectomy but did not undergo aortocaval fistula, the presence of a surgical aortocaval fistula was associated with increased aortic blood flow (p <.001), increased Pao(2) (p <.001), and lower mean pulmonary arterial pressure (p <.001). In addition, rats with aortocaval fistula had less pulmonary arterial neointimal formation than matched animals without an aortocaval fistula (p =.034).The presence of a surgical aortocaval fistula attenuates, rather than worsens, the development of monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/01.CCM.0000059440.44597.07

    View details for Web of Science ID 000182411900033

    View details for PubMedID 12682495

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